Priscillian

(d. c. 385)
   Bishop and Heretic.
   Priscillian was a Spaniard of noble birth. He seems to have taught Gnostic beliefs and to have attracted many followers.
   These doctrines were condemned at the Council of Saragossa in 380. In retaliation, Bishops who had supported Priscillian consecrated him Bishop of Avila. In 381 he was driven into exile, but, after a series of appeals, he was allowed to return to Spain. Eventually the Emperor maximus ordered him to be tried by a synod in Bordeaux. Priscillian appealed directly to the Emperor and he was put on trial for sorcery in Trier. Despite the intervention of St Martin of tours, he was condemned to death. Priscillian is remembered as the first Christian to be put to death for heresy. His followers continued in their enthusiasms until the middle of the fifth century.
   H. Chadwick, Priscillian of Avila: The Occult and the Charismatic in the Early Church (1976).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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  • Priscillian — Priscillian, bishop of Ávila (died 385), a theologian from Roman Gallaecia (in the Iberian Peninsula), was the first person in the history of Christianity to be executed for heresy (though the civil charges were for the practice of magic). He… …   Wikipedia

  • Priscillian — (dt. auch Priszillian) von Ávila (* um 340; † 385 in Trier) war ein Theologe von der iberischen Halbinsel. Er gründete eine religiöse Bewegung, die strenge Askese für Priester und Laien befürwortete und die Kirche durch Unterordnung unter die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Priscillian — Priscilliān, Stifter einer für gnostisch manichäisch gehaltenen, aszetisch separatistischen Sekte (Priscillianisten), die in Spanien im 4. bis 6. Jahrh. verbreitet war, 380 von einer Synode zu Saragossa exkommuniziert, 385 zu Trier hingerichtet.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Priscillian — Priscillian, der Urheber der Priscillianisten u. zugleich der erste Häretiker, welcher in Folge kirchl. Spruches mit einigen Anhängern hingerichtet wurde, war ein reicher Spanier und wurde durch den Rhetor Elpidius sowie durch eine gewisse Agape… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Priscillian — ▪ Spanish bishop born c. 340, Spain died 385, Trier, Belgica, Gaul [now in Germany]       early Christian bishop who was the first heretic to receive capital punishment. A rigorous ascetic, he founded Priscillianism, an unorthodox doctrine that… …   Universalium

  • PRISCILLIAN —    a Spaniard of noble birth, who introduced a Gnostic and Manichæan heresy into Spain, and founded a sect called after him, and was put to death by the Emperor Maximius in 385; his followers were an idly speculative sect, who practised a rigidly …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • priscillian — pris·cil·lian …   English syllables

  • priscillian — prə̇ˈsilyən noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: back formation from priscillianism : priscillianist 1 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Priscillianismus — Priscillian (dt. auch Priszillian) von Ávila (* um 340; † 385 in Trier) war ein Theologe von der iberischen Halbinsel. Er gründete eine religiöse Bewegung, die strenge Askese für Priester und Laien befürwortete und die Kirche durch Unterordnung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Priscillianus — Priscillian (dt. auch Priszillian) von Ávila (* um 340; † 385 in Trier) war ein Theologe von der iberischen Halbinsel. Er gründete eine religiöse Bewegung, die strenge Askese für Priester und Laien befürwortete und die Kirche durch Unterordnung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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